Sport Science and Medicine


The application of science to football is seen as a way to enhance a player’s ability to reach and maintain their potential. Sport science incoporates various areas including, exercise physiology, nutrition, psychology, strength and conditioning, and performance analysis.


Think of your body like a car, if you put diesel in an unleaded car it will not perform as well and eventually breakdown.
If you fuel your body with poor nutrients, you will not have the energy to meet the demands of the exercise and eventually breakdown.
Nutrition supplies the fuel for both training and matches.
Key Nutrients
  • Essential energy providing nutrient
  • Stored as muscle and liver glycogen.
  • Excess carbohydrate intake is stored as body fat - if your calorie intake exceeds your calorie expenditure you will gain body fat.


Key in muscle building and repair process.


  • Provides some energy at low intensities.
  • Excess fat intake is stored as body fat.

Vitamins and Minerals

  • Helps the energy breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
  • Aids general well-being.

Eating to Perform


  • Your most important meal of the day.
  • You MUST fuel your body before a game or training.

Your breakfast needs to be...

  • High in carbohydrate.
  • Low GI
  • High protein
  • Low fat

Good choices for breakfast include.....

  • Porridge
  • Muesli
  • Eggs
  • Wholegrain toast
  • Yoghurt
  • Grilled bacon
  • Baked beans
  • Fresh Fruit
  • Apple juice
  • Water


  • Vital to replenish energy stores.
  • To fuel for afternoon training.

Your lunch needs to be.....

  • High in carbohydrate.
  • High in protein.
  • Low in fat.

Good choices for lunch include....

  • Chicken
  • Fish
  • Eggs
  • Soup
  • Boiled rice
  • Pasta
  • Wholegrain bread
  • Salad
  • Fresh fruit
  • Yoghurt
  • Fresh fruit juice
  • Water


  • To fuel for evening training.

Good choices for dinner include.....

  • Chicken
  • Fish
  • Eggs
  • Soup
  • Pork
  • Beef
  • Vegetables
  • Salad
  • Baked beans
  • Other beans
  • Pasta
  • Potatoes


  • Snacks between meals are an excellent way to top up on carbohydrate stores prior to training and games and to promote recovery following training and games.

Be mindful of.......

  • High protein
  • Low in fat
  • Carbohydrates

Good choices of snacks (before or after training) include....

  • Yoghurt
  • Dried fruit
  • Plain nuts
  • Milk
  • Smoothie
  • Fruit juice
  • Fresh fruit
  • Flavoured low fat milkshake (e.g. Yazoo). We advise against the use of protein shakes.
  • Water

Tips for Hydration

  • Drink small amounts frequently and only drink what you feel can be tolerated
  • Fizzy drinks such as coke, fantaand sprite are banned – they can be detrimental to hydration.

Use your own drinks bottle only....

  • You will know how much you have been drinking.
  • You will not pick up  illness from others.

Academy Medical Provisions

A sessional Physiotherapist / Sports Therapist will be in attendance during training sessions based at the Shrewsbury Sports Village and Shrewsbury College

There will be no medical supervision on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Saturday training sessions based at Walford College, Shrewsbury Sports Village, or Wilfred Owen. All Coaches in attendance at these training sessions hold the Basic First Aid For Sport qualification and are aware of the Emergency Action Plan in place for that facility.

Emergency Contact Medical Forms

All players (registered and trialists) must complete a club medical form prior to attending their first training session with the academy. The player shall not be permitted to participate in any session until this is completed and handed to the coach. A copy of this medical form needs to be carried by the coach for each of the players in their age group. There will also be a copy stored in the player’s folder in the Shrewsbury Town FC Academy office at the Greenhous meadow stadium.

Medical forms can be obtained from the Academy Administrator.

Players must abide by the following rules when under the care of medical staff;

  • If players decide to seek further medical attention from an alternative Physiotherapist/Therapist, then they will void the care given by our therapist and will not be seen again by our medical staff for that injury.
  • A player must not take part in any training session or matches until they have been discharged by the medical team.
  • A player must also not take part in any sporting activity outside of the club unless given permission to do so by the medical team. The player will void any further treatment by the medical team and will be in breach of their player code of conduct.
  • Should any player require medical attention during a training session, then they will be unable to return to the training session (upon the discretion of the therapist in charge).
  • If players injure themselves when competing in sport outside of club duties they will not be able to seek medical attention from the club medical staff.


In the instance of attaining an injury the player must first make the coaches aware of the injury. The coach will then refer the player onto the sessional therapist should they believe that the injury needs medical attention.

The sessional therapist will assess the patient as soon as possible by the pitch side. Should they believe the player needs a more detailed assessment then they will book / refer the player to the next available clinic held by Chris Godwin (Wednesday) or Wayne Peter (Thursday).

Appointments need to be made with the relevant sessional therapist prior to attending the clinic. Players who attend without an appointment will not be seen.

Should the sessional therapist believe that the player needs to be referred on for a further assessment, they will be referred to Alistair Gibb, Head of Academy Sport Science and Medicine. Alistair will organise a clinic for injured Academy players. The Academy therapist’s will contact the youth physiotherapist with details of the injury, together with the contact details for the player.

 A player can only be treated if the parents are in attendance.